- Halabja is a strategic Iraqi Kurdish city of some 70,000 located close to the Iranian border. In March 1988, as the Iran-Iraq War was coming to its final climax, Iranian and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) forces managed to capture the town. On 16 March 1988, Iraq retaliated with the largest chemical warfare attack since World War I. Some 5,000 Kurds died. The very name Halabja became notorious for chemical warfare and the refusal of the international community to help end Kurdish suffering. Saddam Hussein soon stepped up his notorious Anfal campaign upon the war's conclusion.Before this notoriety, Halabja was noted among Kurds for its bookstores. More recently, it has become a center of Islamic fundamentalist activity. It also houses a memorial museum to the chemical attack. On 17 March 2006, however, hundreds of stone-throwing protesters — most of them students from universities in the Kurdistan region home for vacation—beat back government guards, stormed, and then destroyed the museum. The riot was in protest against what was seen as Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) corruption and was a major challenge to the joint rule of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and PUK in the KRG.
Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. Michael M. Gunter.
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Halabja — (Kurdish:unicode|ههڵهبجه or Helepçe ), is a Kurdish town in a majority Kurdish area of Iraq about convert|150|mi|km northeast of Baghdad and 8 10 miles from the Iranian border. The town s population is largely Kurdish.The town lies at the base… … Wikipedia
Halabja — 35° 13′ 24″ N 45° 58′ 48″ E / 35.223413, 45.980085 … Wikipédia en Français
Halabja — DMS … Deutsch Wikipedia
Halabja — noun A town in the Kurdish part of Iraq … Wiktionary
Halabja poison gas attack — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Halabja poison gas attack partof=Iran Iraq War Operation Zafar 7 caption=Aftermath of the Halabja chemical attack date=March 16 1988 place=coord|35|11|N|45|59|E|display=inline,title|name=Halabja Poison Gas… … Wikipedia
Ataque químico a Halabja — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El ataque químico a Halabja fue una serie de incidentes militares ocurridos entre el 16 de marzo y el 19 de marzo de 1988, en el contexto de la Guerra Irán Iraq, cuando fuerzas iraquíes utilizaron armas químicas… … Wikipedia Español
Massacre de Halabja — 35°11′N 45°59′E / 35.183, 45.983 … Wikipédia en Français
Center of Halabja Against Anfalization and Genocide of the Kurds — (CHAK) CHAK is a 501 (c) (3) nonprofit nongovernmental organization (NGO), which describes itself as seeking to prevent genocide and human rights abuses against the Kurds and other minority groups in the Middle East. The organization has… … Historical Dictionary of the Kurds
Халабджа — (Halabja)Halabja, курдский город в мухафазе (пров.) Сулеймания на С. В. Ирака, близ границы с Ираном. В августе 1988г. ок. 5 тыс. курдов погибли, когда иракские самолеты выпустили на город отравляющий газ … Страны мира. Словарь
Operation Zafar 7 — Part of Iran Iraq War Map of Iraq Date … Wikipedia